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Post Date : 
2018-03-28
Agricultural crop residue burning represents an important source of air pollutants in many countries, especially in developing countries (Levine et al., 1995; Badarinath et al., 2006; Zhang et al., 2011) . Especially in the Southeast Asia (Thailand, Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam, Laos, Mynamar), Agricultural crop residue burning including open field burning and forest burning contributes to regional and global climate change by producing Carbon Dioxide (CO2), Methane(CH4), Nitrous Oxide (N2O) and – of special interest near cryosphere regions – Black Carbon (BC) (black carbon warms the lower atmosphere and is the second most important contributor to global warming after carbon dioxide ), which deposits on nearby snow and ice, speeding melting. Open burning is the single largest source of black carbon globally, at 42% dwarfing all other sources (biomass burning for residential cooking and heating is 18%, diesel transport 14%). These gases increase the atmospheric temperature which, affect to the worldwide environment. In addition to depositing on nearby ice and snow, causing greater and earlier melting, set agricultural fires often burn out of control, spreading and causing forest and grassland wildfires that release additional BC as well as greenhouse gases — including methane, CO, and CO2; damage nearby sensitive ecosystems; and cause loss of human life and infrastructure. Smoke from open burning also negatively impacts human health. 
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